Thursday, April 28, 2016

November 4, 1939: Roosevelt Signs Neutrality Laws

Saturday 4 November 1939

November 4 1939 neutrality laws President Roosevelt,
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signs neutrality act legislation, 4 November 1939.
Western Front: Light reconnaissance patrols in the Moselle/Saar region.
Battle of the Atlantic: The US City of Flint sails to Bergen under command of its American crew.

U-44 commissioned.

Convoy OA 30 departs from Scotland. Convoy OB 30 departs from Liverpool.

British Intelligence: An anonymous spy sends the British naval attaché in Norway the "Oslo Report," which describes cutting-edge German research into advanced technologies such as radar and rockets. The author is "a German scientist who wishes you well." As an object demonstration, the "German scientist" also drops off a prototype proximity mine fuse.

Rear-Admiral Sinclair, "C" (Director General) of British intelligence service MI6, passes away from cancer and is replaced by his deputy, Stewart Menzies.

Finland: Negotiations are ongoing in Moscow. The Finns are not giving any ground and state that they have given as much as they possibly can without jeopardizing their own security. Stalin meets with them.

China: The Japanese bomb Chengdu.

US Government: President Roosevelt signs the neutrality law adjustments, enacting them into law. Arms shipments are now permissible on a "cash and carry" basis. Everything must be paid for upon purchase, with no loans. Purchaser provides the shipping into the war zones that are now defined by the law. American citizens and shipping are forbidden from entering those zones.

Technically, Germany could also order supplies, but the British blockade prevents that. The Soviet Union also can order supplies from the US and ship them through its port of Vladivostok without British interference, and that becomes a key (and obscure) port of supply for the USSR throughout the war. A backlog of French and British orders begins shipping immediately.

Separately, FDR writes a letter to Archibald MacLeish that the Magna Carta has been placed in the "safe hands" of the US Library of Congress.

American Homefront: Packard offers the first car air conditioner as a new car option. They call it the "Weather Conditioner." The unit takes up half the trunk space and costs a steep $279. There is no way to moderate the air from the unit, it requires an extended manufacturing process and many people apparently consider it a useless luxury, so it is not receiving a lot of orders.

November 4 1939 Admiral Byrd Snow Cruiser
Admiral Byrd's Antarctic Snow Cruiser - By Albert Phillips Conneaut, Ohio November 4, 1939.

November 1939

November 1, 1939: The Jet Flies Again
November 2, 1939: The Soviets Devour Poland
November 3, 1939: Amending the Neutrality Act
November 4, 1939: Roosevelt Signs Neutrality Laws
November 5, 1939: The Spirit of Zossen
November 6, 1939: First Dogfight
November 7, 1939: More Lies About SS Athenia
November 8, 1939: Hitler Almost Killed
November 9, 1939: The Venlo Incident
November 10, 1939: Dutch Panic
November 11, 1939: Poignant Armistice Day
November 12, 1939: Peace Efforts Made and Rejected
November 13, 1939: First Bombing of Great Britain
November 14, 1939: The Dyle Plan
November 15, 1939: Elser Confesses to the Bürgerbräukeller Bombing
November 16, 1939: Martial Law in Prague
November 17, 1939: International Students Day
November 18, 1939: Magnetic Mines
November 19, 1939: Walls Around the Warsaw Ghetto
November 20, 1939: First RN Submarine Victory
November 21, 1939: Salmon & Gluckstein on the Prowl
November 22, 1939: British Recover A Magnetic Mine
November 23, 1939: HMS Rawalpindi Sunk
November 24, 1939: Japanese Enter Nanning
November 25, 1939: The Olympics are a War Casualty
November 26, 1939: Soviets Stage an "Incident" at Mainila
November 27, 1939: German Marriage Becomes Perilous
November 28, 1939: Judenrats in Poland
November 29, 1939: The Soviets Prepare to Invade Finland
November 30, 1939: Winter War Begins


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